谷文晁（たに・ぶんちょう） Japan: Portrait of Tani Bunchō (1763 - 1840), Japanese literatus (bunjin), painter and poet.
Tani Bunchō (谷 文晁, October 15, 1763 - January 6, 1841) was a Japanese literatus (bunjin) painter and poet. He was the son of the poet Tani Rokkoku (1729–1809). As his family were retainers of the Tayasu Family, descendents of the eighth Tokugawa shogun, Bunchō inherited samurai status and received a stipend to meet the responsibilities this entailed.In his youth he began studying the painting techniques of the Kanō school under Katō Bunrei (1706–82). After Bunrei‘s death, Bunchō worked with masters of other schools, such as the literati painter Kitayama Kangen (1767–1801), and developed a wide stylistic range that included many Chinese, Japanese and European idioms.He rose to particular prominence as the retainer of Matsudaira Sadanobu (1759–1829), genetic son of the Tayasu who was adopted into the Matsudaira family before becoming chief senior councilor (rōju shuza; 老中首座) of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1787...、クレジット：ＣＰＡ Ｍｅｄｉａ／Ｕｎｉｖｅｒｓａｌ Ｉｍａｇｅｓ Ｇｒｏｕｐ／共同通信イメージズ